Acharya Ratna Haaram
In Sri Vaishnava Sampradayam, we have what is called 'Guru Paramparai'.
'Guru' means Acharya and 'Paramparai' means lineage. 'Guru paramparai' means a hierarchy of Acharyas.
At the start of this hierarchy is Sriman Narayanan Himself! After Him is 'Periya Piraati' (Sri Mahakshmi) and after Her are all the Acharyas before and after Sri Ramanujar.
In the Ratna Haaram, Ramanuja occupies the central place. All Acharyas before and after him are thus connected to him either as Acharyas (Thirumudi Sambandham) or as Sishyas (Thiruvadi Sambandham).
Ranganathar is a resting form of Lord Vishnu, recumbent on the great form of the serpent god Adisesha, one of the foremost of Hindu Gods.
The Pancharanga Kshetrams are the five most sacred Ranganatha temples which are located on the banks of the Kaveri River.
The five Pancharanga Kshetrams in the order of their successive locations, on the banks of the Kaveri River are:
Ranganayaki, is the presiding Goddess of Ranganatha Swamy.
She is regarded as the manifestation of Lakshmi.
As with Hindu tradition, the shrine has both a Moolavar and an Uthsavar (presiding deity). Unlike other temples in SriRangam temple, the Uthsavar of Thayar never leaves her sannathi (shrine). It is a temple custom that the goddess of the temple takes her place beside the god of the temple during processions. In Srirangam, however, Thayar never leaves her sannathi. All others, including Ranganatha himself, come to see her.
Vishwaksenar, also known as Senai Mudalvar (Sena Mudaliar).
The Kurma Purana describes Vishvaksena as born out of a portion of Vishnu, carrying a conch (shankha), Sudarshana chakra (discus) and gada (mace) and wearing yellow clothes.
The twelve Alvar saints of Sri Vaishnavism sect are considered as manifestations of Vishnu in some form, and the Alvar saint Nammalvar is considered as an avatar of Vishvaksena.
Vishvaksena occupies an important place in the Vaikhanasa sect of Vaishnavism, the sect dedicated to Vishnu. Any ritual or function begins with the worship of Vishvaksena.
|BIRTHPLACE:||Azhwar Thirunagari (Kurugur)|
|WORKS:||Tiruvaymozhi (1102 verses), Thiruvirutham (100 verses), Thiru Aasiriyam - 7 verses and Periya Thiruvanthadi (87 verses).|
|AVATAR OF:||Vishvaksena (Vishnu's commander)|
Nathamuni was born at Viranarayana Puram. His birth star was Anusham.
His father's name was Isvara Bhaṭṭa and his son's name was Isvaramuni. His grandson was Yamunacharya.
He came to know about Nalayira Divya Prabhandam, but he heard only 10 hymns. He wanted the rest. He recited 12000 times, Kanninun Siruthambu, a poem in praise of Nammazhwar. Nammazhwar appeared and gave the 4000 hymns (Nalayira Divya Prabhandam).
|Name:||Pundareekaakshar later named Uyyakondar by Nathamunigal.|
Nathamunigal had two prominent students, Pundareekaakshar and Kurukai kavalappan.
|Name:||Manakkal Nambi (Rama Misrar)|
|BIRTHPLACE:||Anbil, near Trichy|
The credit for transforming Yamunai thuraivan into Yamuna Muni goes to him.
Yamunacharya also known as Alavandar and Periya Mudaliar.
As a teenager he challenged the royal priest Akkiyalvan of the Pandya king (the name of the king is disputed).
Akkiyalvan, when he saw the age of the youth, asked sarcastically "alavandara?" meaning "has he come to rule me?". He defeated Akkiyalvan proving through the accepted rules of logic.
After years of rule, Mannakal Nambi tricked him into visiting the temple of Ranganatha. There, he had an epiphany and gave up the material duties of a king and became a sanyasin embracing saranagati.
He was one of the prime sishyas of alavandhar and instrumental in bringing ramanujar to srirangam.
After alavandhar’s time, all the srivaishnavas in srirangam request periya nambi to go and bring ramanujar to srirangam.
|AVATAR OF:||AADHI SESHAN|
|PARENTS:||Mother Kānthimathi and Father Kesava Somayaji.|
The Sri Vaisnava tradition attributes nine Sanskrit texts to Ramanuja
|WORKS:||Vijnana sthuthi, Emperumanar vadivazhagu pasuram.|
|Sishyas:||Parasara bhattar, Vedha vyasa bhattar.|
Govindha perumal was born in madhuramangalam born as the son of kamala nayana bhattar and sridhevi ammal.
|WORKS:||ashtasloki, srirangaraja sthavam, sri guna rathna kosam, bhagavadh guna dharpanam (vishnu sahasranama vyakyanam), srirangaraja sthothram|
He was appointed as the head of Sri Vaishnavites (handed over Sri Vaishnava Sri) by Ramanuja himself to succeed him.
|Name:||Nigamantha yogi, Vedhanthi.|
|Birth Place:||Thirunarayana Puram|
|Sishyas:||Nampillai, Sri Senadhipathi jeeyar|
|Works:||Thiruvaimozhi 9000 padi vyakyanam, Kanninun chiruthambu vyakyanam, Thiruppavai vyakyanam, vyakyanams for thiruvandhadhis, sharanagathi gadhya vyakyanam, thiruppallandu vyakyanam, rahasya thraya vivarana grantham named nurrettu (108).|
|Sishyas:||Vadakku thiruvidhi pillai, Periyavachan pillai, Pinbhazhagiya perumal jeeyar, Eeyunni madhava perumal, Naduvil thiruvidhi pillai bhattar.|
|Works:||Thiruvaimozhi 36000 padi eedu vyakyanam, Kanninun chiruthambu vyakyanam, Thiruvirutham vyakyanam.|
|VADAKKU THIRUVEETHI PILLAI|
|Name:||SRI KRISHNA PADHAR|
|Children:||Pillai Lokacharya, Azhagiya manavala perumal nayanar|
|Works:||Thiruvaimozhi 36000 padi eedu vyakyanam.|
He was a direct Sishya of Nampillai.
|Amsam:||Kanchi Devaraja (Varadaraja) Perumal|
|Works:||Sri Pillai Lokacharya authored 18 Ragasya Granthas collectively known as Astaadasa Ragasya. All these works are done in Manipravaalam (a mix of Tamil and Sanskrit languages).|
The name Ulag-Ariya (or Lokacharya) first became associated with Sri Nampillai when Sri Kanthadai Thozhappar celebrated him as the acharya for the world ("kanthadai thozhappar tham ugappal enna ulagariyano enru uraikka").
|THIRUVAI MOZHI PILLAI|
|Birth Place:||Kunthinagaram (konthagai)|
|Sishyas:||Azhagiya manavala mamunigal, Satagopa jeeyar (bhavishyadhacharyan sannidhi), thathvesa jeeyar.|
|Works:||Periyazhwar thirumozhi svapadhesam.|
|Name:||Periya jeeyar, Varavara Muni, Sowmyajamatru muni, Sowmyopayanthru muni, Sundarajamatru muni, Yathendra Pravanar, Ramyajamatrumuni|
|Birth Place:||Azhwarthirunagiri (Near Thirunelveli)|
His eight famous disciples are known as Ashtadiggajas (elephants of the eight directions).